MIGRATION FROM NORTH AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST: WHO IS TO BLAME AND WHAT TO DO
Keywords: North Africa, Middle East, European Union, external migration, armed conflicts, Arab Spring Migration abroad for economic (labor) and political reasons since the second half of the 20th century, especially since the 1970s, has become not only an important phenomenon in the social life of the countries of North Africa and the Middle East, but also a phenomenon of global impact - in the economy, in political circles, in the international expert community, in the world Mass media. The political upheavals of 2010-2015 in a vast and geopolitically important region of the world resulted in a sharp increase in external, mostly illegal, migration, which caused an acute crisis in the European Union and in international relations in general. Between 2002 and 2010, the number of illegal migrants arriving in Europe from Africa each year was estimated at 20,000. In 2014, it increased more than eight-fold, reaching 169 thousand, while the total number of migrants accepted by EU countries in January-August 2015 exceeded 600 thousand, which is 3 times more than in the same period of 2014.1 "ARAB MIGRATION": INCREASED DYNAMICS AND CHANGING MODELS In 2013, there were 243 million external migrants in the world. From 7-8 to 10-12 million, or about 4-5% of the Arab East's population, were abroad, of which 7-8 million were employed in various sectors of the host economy, mainly in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Up to 90% of all Arab migrants come from North African countries: the Arab Maghreb and Egypt, which were significantly lower in terms of living standards than most Gulf countries2. Among the world's diasporas - Chinese, Armenian, Jewish, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, German, Italian, etc. The Arab (Muslim) diaspora occupies a prominent place in terms of its size. In the late XX-early XXI centuries. it surpassed the size of such a large diaspora as the Armenian (5 million people), although it was inferior to the Chinese (o ... Read more
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China Online · 38 days ago 0 21
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Beijing, China
07.06.2024 (38 days ago)
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