More recently, in one of the central districts of Hanoi, there was a prison building built by French colonialists at the end of the XIX century. In 1993, the prison was closed. Part of the wall of the prison premises was preserved, restored and turned into a museum for public viewing. A multi-storey complex "Hanoi Tau era" was built on the rest of the territory, including hotel rooms, executive rooms, conference rooms, shops and restaurants. But if the fashionable "Hanoi Towers" hardly gets customers (now there are many hotels of this class in the Vietnamese capital), then the modest museum is constantly visited by both Vietnamese and foreigners. The French named Indochina's largest prison "Maison Central" ("Central House"), and the Vietnamese prisoners christened it "Hoa lo" - "Hellhole", which probably corresponded more to the feelings of a person trapped in gloomy, cramped casemates, where instead of the usual 450, more than two thousand were sometimes held in prison prisoners. Prisoners were often shackled, and some of them were waiting for the French innovation of "civilization" - the guillotine. With prison, the colonialists tried to pacify the recalcitrant. But more often it was the other way around. The most determined fighters for national independence, who were ready to go to death, but not to bow their heads before foreign oppressors, were put in prison. After the formation of the Communist Party of Indochina in 1930, the Communists turned Hoa Lo into a training school for party cadres. A handwritten magazine was published in the prison, and the "red days" of revolutionary holidays were celebrated. Many leaders of the Communist Party of Vietnam, including Truong Tinh, Le Duan, Nguyen Van Linh, and Do Myoi, have passed its "universities". In 1954, after the victory over the French colonialists, the prison gates opened. But with the liberation from the colonial yoke, the history of Hoa Lo did not end. There was still a place reserved for criminals. And in A ... Read more

This publication was posted on Libmonster in another country. The article seemed interesting to our editor.

Full version:
China Online · 83 days ago 0 30
Professional Authors' Comments:
Order by: 
Per page: 
  • There are no comments yet
Library guests comments

0 votes
China Online
Beijing, China
24.04.2024 (83 days ago)
Permanent link to this publication:

Library Partners

ELIBRARY.ORG.CN - China Digital Library

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: CN LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers

China Digital Library ® All rights reserved.
2023-2024, ELIBRARY.ORG.CN is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Preserving the Chinese heritage


US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android