MARKET REFORMS IN VIETNAM: GENERAL AND SPECIFIC FEATURES
In this article, the author aims to find out how much the perception of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam as a socialist state corresponds to the real state of affairs. The main characteristics and contradictions of "Vietnamese socialism", the transformation of local society in the course of market reforms carried out in the country, the impact of globalization and other factors on its development are considered. An attempt is made to classify this phenomenon in the context of modern theoretical constructions. The 10th Congress of the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam in April 2006 confirmed its commitment to the ideas of socialism. At the same time, Vietnam is characterized by a feature that few countries in the world possess - for a long time there were two different socio-economic systems on its territory. To better understand how capitalism and socialism were formed and what they represented here, and what influence they have on each other, we will make a brief historical digression. In the southern part of the country, from the end of the 19th century, a capitalist model of development was implemented within the framework of the colonial regime (Cochin Hin), and in 1955-1975 - a separate state (the Republic of Vietnam). Typical phenomena of the RV period were the destruction of traditional structures and the way of life of the population, the scale of corruption, the struggle for power of various elite groups and faiths, and the militarization of civil life. The main support of this state was the army and police apparatus created by the French and reformed by the Americans, while the social base was made up of large landowners and the Comprador bourgeoisie (for more details, see Mazyrin, 1979). The urban centers of the South, especially Saigon, which were included in the world capitalist economy under the French rule, were integrated into the process of proto-globalization. After the Communist military victory in 1975, the Saigon regime was completely dismantle ... Read more
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China Online · 12 days ago 0 10
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China Online
Beijing, China
03.07.2024 (12 days ago)
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