CHINESE AND VIETNAMESE LABOR MIGRATION IN RUSSIA: COMPARATIVE FEATURES
N. G. KUZNETSOV Candidate of Economic Sciences SERGEY RYAZANTSEV Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences Keywords: China, Vietnam, Russia, labor migration, migration policy China and Vietnam have significant demographic potential, which is characterized by a significant number of labor resources. In this situation, some of the surplus workers are focused on labor migration abroad. The likelihood of labor migrants leaving Vietnam is also increased by such a factor as flooding of part of the country's coastal areas as a result of global warming. The Russian Federation, as a country with a high capacity of the national labor market and historical migration links, already has a significant number of Chinese and Vietnamese migrants who adapt to Russian society in different ways. And in the long run, Russia may be one of the countries where an increasing number of labor migrants from China and Vietnam will seek to move to work. China and Vietnam are among the most populous countries in the world: in 2010, the population of China was 1341.3 million (1st place in the world), and Vietnam - 87.8 million people. At the same time, according to the UN, the population growth rate in Vietnam (1.1% in 2005-2010) was an order of magnitude higher than in China (0.5% in 2005-2010). Although the huge population of China leads to the fact that even small growth rates result in a significant increase in the absolute population. Between 1990 and 2010, the population increased by 196 million in China and 20.7 million in Vietnam. The largest increase was recorded between 1990 and 1995, when the number of Chinese grew by 69 million and the number of Vietnamese by 7 million.1 DEMOGRAPHIC POTENTIAL OF CHINA AND VIETNAM Overall fertility rates in both countries are gradually declining: from 1990 to 2010, Vietnam's birth rate dropped from 27.3% to 16.7%, and China's from 18.7% to 12.3%. The decline in total ... Read more
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Beijing, China
19.12.2023 (209 days ago)
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