ANCIENT CHINESE TEXTS JIAGUWEN AND SHANG SHU-A MIRROR OF THE HISTORY AND CULTS OF SHANG-YIN CHINA
Part Four In the second and third parts of this paper [Kucera, 2004 (1); Kucera, 2004 (2) only a few questions of the history and culture of China during the Shang-Yin period were covered, since the amount of information contained in the texts of fortune-telling inscriptions is so extensive that it could not fit in two articles. Nevertheless, it seems to me that the answer to the question: what is jiagu, posed in the first part [Kucera, 2003, p.45], has been given in principle. In this work, I will focus on Shang Shu, one of the two oldest Chinese sources, along with Shi Ching, which contains a whole section consisting of 17 chapters, not counting 15 lost ones, called Shang shu - "Records of the Shang Dynasty" [Shang Shu, 1957, vol. 3, ch. 8 - 10, p. 259-359]. This is the largest compact work in terms of volume, telling about the specified period. Initially, the monument did not have a common name, and after its appearance, it underwent significant changes. Thus, in the Chunqiu period (722-403 or 770 - 476 BC), when quoting him, the names of only certain sections were used: Yu shu (lit. "Records of the [tribe] Yu ", in fact - "Records of the first rulers"), Xia Shu ("Records of the [dynasty] Xia "), Zhou shu ("Records of the [Dynasty] of Zhou"), and Shang Shu. In the Zhanguo era (475/403-221 BC), a common title appeared - Shu ("Records") It was only during the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-220 A.D.) that the first name, Shang Shu, emerged and is still used today. In it, the hieroglyph shang - "senior", "ancient", "old" [BKRS, N 6326] - is identical to another sign-shang - "upper", "higher", "senior", "past", which in combination with shang has the meaning" deepest antiquity"," archaic" [BKRS, N 137], so the name generally means Shang di wang zhi shu - "Records of ancient rulers" (Wang Chong, 1954, ch. 80, p. 273). In the Shi Ming dictionary compiled by Liu Xi (II-III centuries), the name of the monument in question is explained as follows: "Shang shu. Shan means shan (see t ... Read more
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25.06.2024 (20 days ago)
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